Ethics (Sociology)

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  • The study of morality and its impact on behavior. Ethics also refers to the set of moral principles adopted by any given individual or the distinction made between “right” and “wrong.” Various ethical theories have been developed, such as principle ethics theory, ethical realism theory, utilitarianism, cognitive moral development theory, and many more. Principle ethics theory stipulates that unlike conflicting laws and rules, conflicting principles promote moral reasoning. Ethical realism theory states that when confronted with conflicting norms, the individual faces a moral dilemma and is compelled to choose the least harmful option. Utilitarianism argues for moral standards that promote the best interests of and minimize the harm caused to all parties concerned. Cognitive moral development theory stipulates that ethics and moral reasoning are not ...

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