Ethics (Public Administration)

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  • The moral values, principles, and customs of an individual or group. The word is derived from the Greek word ethos, which means “character,” and from the Latin word mores, which means “customs.” In philosophy, ethics is the study of human conduct in light of moral principles and the standards by which actions can be considered right or wrong.

    Among the major ethical theories in the 20th century was instrumentalism, studied by John Dewey, which dictated that morality lies within the individual and is relative to a person's experience, and emotivism, developed by Sir Alfred J. Ayer, who determined that ethical considerations were merely expressions of the subjective desires of the individual. Intuitionism, studied by G. E. Moore, postulated an immediate awareness of the morally good. Similarly, ...

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