Democracy (Political Science)

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  • A form of government in which power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or through their elected representatives under a free electoral system. Democracy means rule by the people. It is based on consent of the governed whereby power flows from the people to their leaders. Democratic governments rely on constitutions and their adherence for survival.

    The theory of modern democracy was not formulated until the Age of Enlightenment in the 17th and 18th centuries, when philosophers defined the essential elements of democracy as follows: (a) separation of powers among the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of government; (b) protection of basic civil and human rights; (c) religious liberty; (d) freedom of opinion; (e) an equal right to vote; (f) good governance, ...

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