Cross-Sectional Research (Psychology)

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  • A method frequently used in developmental research that involves examining individuals of different ages all at the same time. Individuals are tested at a single point in time, and groups are compared at different ages on independent variables, such as intelligence. Using this type of strategy, researchers can compare the IQs of different generations of individuals. Although cross-sectional studies are quick to implement, their results should be interpreted with caution because the observed differences might be due to a difference in generations and not by age. This phenomenon is called cohort effect.

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