Crime Prevention

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  • A policy or proposal enacted to reduce the incidence of crime, deter potential offenders, and reduce the prevalence of victimization. Crime prevention can be achieved through both informal and formal sanctions. Informal sanctions, or primary prevention, target individual factors and address one's stake in conventional bonds. The more one is attached, committed, and involved in family, school, work, church, and so forth, the less likely one will violate such bonds by engaging in criminal activity. Community programs, especially those targeted at at-risk youths, fall under the umbrella of secondary prevention. Formal sanctions, also known as tertiary prevention, focus on the initiatives, punishments, and sanctions set forth and implemented by the criminal justice system.

    10.4135/9781412972024.n590

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