Crime Control/Crime Control Model

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  • A perspective, initially pioneered by James Q. Wilson in the 1980s, highlighting the need for harsher punishments. According to Wilson, crime was not caused by economic desperation, it was a consequence of greed. He argued that offenders had little stake in conventionality, were more likely to take risks than other people, and chose crime because it was exciting and required little work. Hence, addressing the causes of poverty would not reduce criminal activity; harsh punishments were the answer. The crime control model is concerned with protecting society by controlling dangerous offenders. Offenders will be deterred through the fear of harsh formal sanctions. Increased law enforcement, mandatory punishment, and incarceration will reduce criminal activity. The theorists want the focus of the system to be on the ...

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