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  • A political philosophy or ideology that favors tradition and slow social change, where alle giance to traditional values, religion, culture, or the fatherland is largely valued. The term, drawn from Latin, means to protect or to preserve social hierarchies. Thus, the term encompasses concerns about stability and his torical continuity.

    Conservatism as a political philosophy is difficult to define; it encompasses numerous movements, and con servatives sometimes disagree about which parts of a culture ought to be maintained. Moreover, since different cultures have different established values, conservatives in different cultures have differing goals. Some conserv atives seek to preserve the status quo or to reform society slowly. Modern conservatism draws from the work of intellectuals such as Edmund Burke, an English thinker and politician, widely regarded ...

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