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Community Policing (COP)
An approach designed to bridge the gap and alleviate the conflict between the police and the communities they serve. It replaces reactive strategies with proactive policing tactics. The cornerstone of this model is problem solving, not crime fighting. The Broken Windows Theory by Kelling and Wilson has been credited with reinstating a community-based model of policing. The idea is that one broken window left unfixed will lead to other broken windows. Neighborhoods with broken windows appear disorderly and breed more crime and fear among current residents.
Police need the help of urban residents to solve and prevent criminal activity. To foster good relations between the police and the community, cops were encouraged to return to a traditional style of policing. It is a style that allows ...