Communism (Political Science)

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  • A political and economic philosophy. As a political doctrine, it is based on the notion that societies are best organized around the common ownership of wealth, without discrimination based on people's capacities to generate income. As an economic philosophy, communism provides a method of analysis that looks at classes as the unit of analysis rather than individuals or firms. Karl Marx, a sociologist, is considered the founder of the systematic analysis of communism as a set of ideas that stresses the economic exploitation of the working class by the ruling class. Writing in the early 19th century, Marx believed that the main characteristic of human life in modern society is alienation. A communist regime was desirable because it secured economic provisions for everyone regardless ...

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