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  • The Communist International was the international organization of the Communist Party, founded by Vladimer Lenin (1870–1924) in 1919 and headquartered in Moscow. The Comintern sought the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of communism worldwide. One method advocated by Lenin was to help sponsor independence movements in the colonies of the European powers. The Second Comintern Congress in 1920 established the conditions for member parties, including the requirement of absolute obedience to the dictates of Moscow. Until Joseph Stalin (1879–1953) rose to leadership in 1929, Russia held two foreign relations strategies. The first was to enhance Russia's relations with foreign powers using standard diplomatic measures, while the second was to overthrow these same foreign powers through the activities of the Comintern. Stalin tended to ...

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