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Aaron T. Beck developed this type of psychotherapy in the 1960s. Beck's cognitive therapy is an insight-focused therapy that emphasizes recognizing and changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs. While working with clients, Beck (1985) found that their daily cognitions, such as their thoughts, expectations, perceptions, images, assumptions, beliefs, and schemata, influenced their emotions and behavior. Beck's theoretical assumption is that a person's emotions and behavior are determined by his or her perceptions, which structure his or her experience. The purpose of cognitive therapy is for clients to identify distorted and maladaptive cognitions and change them into more rational and positive thought patterns. Beck believes that clients can be active participants in modifying their disruptive cognitions and then be relieved from a range of psychological ...

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