Code of Law

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  • A set of laws that dictate the behavior of a society. One of the oldest preserved written codes of law is the Code of Hammurabi, dating back to ancient Babylonian times—written sometime between 1700 and 1800 BCE. The sixth king of Babylon, Hammurabi, claimed to have received the words of the Code from Shamash, the god of justice. The laws in the Code are multifaceted, pertaining to criminal law and punishment, civil law matters, and commercial rules and regulations. Hammurabi had the codes inscribed onto a stone, which was discovered centuries later by the French archeologists De Morgan and Scheil in 1901 in Susa, Iran. The Code is currently on display in the Louvre, Paris. In modern society, virtually all nations have some type of ...

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