Code of Hammurabi

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  • The codified rules of King Hammurabi (1792–1750 BCE), the king of Babylonia. Babylonia was the leading state of the 18th century BCE and was often credited with laying the foundation for civilization. The Code of Hammurabi—also known as Lex Talonis, the law of retaliation or the “eye for an eye” doctrine—consisted of 282 clauses, 50 of which pertained to crime and punishment.

    10.4135/9781412972024.n404

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