Working Memory

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  • The mechanism by which individuals can temporarily store and manipulate information. It has been conceptualized as a temporary storage and workspace in the brain and is thought to be a key component in the ability to perform arithmetic and read. Working memory has also been implicated in affecting cognitive flexibility and planning abilities. The term working memory is very familiar to those conducting intelligence assessments with the Wechsler scales, as it is one of the four main indexes used in the measurement of IQ scores. For more information, see Jonides, Reuter Lorenz, and Smith (1996).

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