Wernicke's Area

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  • An area in the brain named after the Polish-German neurologist Carl Wernicke. He discovered that damage to the left temporal lobe of the brain posterior to the primary auditory complex causes what is now referred to as Wernicke's aphasia—a condition in which individuals hear spoken language but cannot understand it. Wernicke's aphasia is also associated with difficulties related to the production of speech, such that individuals are able to produce grammatically correct sentences, though they lack in meaningful content. Wernicke's aphasia is typically presented in the literature, in contrast to Broca's aphasia, a condition whereby individuals have difficulty producing grammatically correct speech. For more information, see Alexander (2000).

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