Totalitarianism

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  • A term that reflects the ideology of totalitarian regimes, may have been coined by Giovanni Gentile, a philosopher of fascism in Italy in the early 20th century. The term was later used in a speech by Benito Mussolini in 1925, in which he described his own regime as totalitarian. Modern totalitarian regimes made their appearance around the time of World War I, since the war required all state institutions to subordinate their interests to winning the war. The three prototype totalitarian regimes in the early 20th century were those of Mussolini's National Fascist Party, Stalin's Communist regime, and Hitler's National Socialist German Workers' Party. Although totalitarian regimes share some similarities, their ideological goals may differ. Communist regimes seek the establishment of classless societies, while the ...

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