Third Party

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  • An additional party that runs in a political election in which two parties is the norm. Third-party candidates can have the “spoiler effect” on a leading candidate, taking away a portion of his or her votes. In the United States, third-party candidates in past federal and state elections have included members of (a) the Green Party, (b) the Constitution Party, (c) the Libertarian Party, and (d) the Independent/Reform Party. Third-party candidates who have served as spoilers in U.S. presidential elections include Theodore Roosevelt (1912), George Wallace (1968), Ross Perot (1992), and Ralph Nader (2000).

    10.4135/9781412972024.n2556

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