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  • Any event perceived as a threat to a person's well-being and perceived as beyond the person's coping abilities. There are four major types of stress: frustration, conflict, change, and pressure. Frustration happens when reaching a goal seems temporarily impeded. For example, situations such as traffic jams or slow, crowded public transport can cause frustration. Although upsetting at the time, frustration is often not long lasting. Conflict takes place when an individual is uncertain as to how to respond to two conflicting goals. There are three types of conflict. An approach-approach conflict arises when an individual has to choose between two desired goals, while an avoidance-avoidance conflict is a choice between two undesirable goals. Finally, if a person has to decide whether to choose a goal ...

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