Stratification (Education)

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  • The system of inequality in a society. Inequality comes in many forms. It may be political (power), social (prestige), and/or economic (money). These inequalities may be studied as they relate to groups and categories defined by gender, race/ethnicity, religion, or sexual preference. Important issues in stratification research concern the causes and outcomes of these inequalities, their degree of severity, and strategies to reduce inequality.

    While anthropologists disagree about whether social stratification exists in all societies, it definitely persists in all large societies. But the amounts and types of inequality vary from one society to another. The gap between the rich and the poor or the powerful and the weak differs significantly among societies. One statistical index of the degree of inequality is the Gini coefficient. Gender ...

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