Somatoform Disorder

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  • A physical illness that cannot be fully explained by organic causes and can be attributed mostly to psychological causes. In contrast, psychosomatic illnesses can be explained in part by psychological reasons, while malingering is the deliberate faking of an ailment for personal advantage.

    There are three types of somatoform disorders. First, somatization disorder is marked by an individual who has a history of various illnesses that seem to be caused by psychological factors. The distinguishing charac teristic of somatization disorder is that there is a wide array of physical ailments, ranging from cardiovascular and gastrointestinal to neurological ailments. A person with somatization disorder is often described as “clinging to ill health,” as there is a succession of ailments, often involving the consultation of many physicians. Somatization ...

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