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  • A group of people or other nonhuman animals organized to cooperatively achieve common basic goals, including reproduction, sustenance, shelter, and defense. A society can also be a voluntarily organized group with political, cultural, or religious goals. Societies can be divided based on their levels of communication, economic development, and technology. Based on this hierarchy, there are hunters and gatherers, agricultural societies, industrial societies, and, today, digital and virtual societies. All societies are composed of social networks, have criteria for inclusion, and their own organization. Social networks are the relationships between individual members and groups within a given society. Criteria for inclusion may include possessing a specific skill or knowledge or having a certain personal attribute. Many modern human societies are organized primarily by their mode ...

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