Social Disorganization

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  • A theory that states that conditions commonly found in urban environments enable criminality. A disorganized neighborhood is characterized by a breakdown of institutions of informal social control, including families, schools, and employment. Disorganized neighborhoods have high rates of unemployment, low rates of high school graduation, a concentration of poverty and single-parent households, high levels of population turnover, and poor-quality housing. These neighborhoods cannot provide sufficient social services, such as access to adequate education and health care, and job opportunities. People living in these areas may experience hopeless ness and conflict, which can result in criminality. Disorganized neighborhoods are often in mixed-use areas, where businesses and residential housing exist together, contributing to a high level of anonymity and mobility, and thus a lack of cohesiveness among ...

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