Bicameral Legislature

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  • An organized political body consisting of two distinct upper and lower legislative houses, which serve to check and balance each other. This type of governance became popular during the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and in the European colonies. Bicameralism originated in Ancient Greece and Rome, but it did not come into modern usage until the 14th-century English parliament. Bicameralism origi nally allowed for an upper house to be chosen by the monarchy or nobility and the lower by the people, the conservative upper house serving as a check against the lower house's popular will. Other European powers and newly formed colonies also came to adopt the bicameral approach.

    Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution requires bicame-ralism at the federal level, but it is not ...

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