Self-Efficacy (Psychology)

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  • The central construct of Bandura's (2001) social-cognitive theory. Self-efficacy refers to a person's belief whether he or she is capable of achieving a certain outcome. When self-efficacy is high, a person believes that he or she has the capacity to respond adeptly to a situation. When self-efficacy is low, a person believes that he or she lacks the capacity to adequately respond to a situation. The perception of self-efficacy is subjective and situation dependent; that is, a person may have high self-efficacy in one situation and low self-efficacy in another. For more information, see Bandura (2001).

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