Self-Efficacy (Education)

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  • Bandura defined this term as one's self-perceived ability at a task. Two aspects make self-efficacy a unique concept. First, it is personal. While influenced by opinions or comparison with others, this is an individual perception. Second, self-efficacy is task specific, so a person could consider himself or herself a mediocre skier but an excellent organizer.

    According to Bandura (1977), self-efficacy is influen ced by four main factors:

    • Enactive attainment or mastery practice: The more we practice, the more skillful we become. Greater skill increases involvement in that activity, and there is an upward spiral in mas tery, choice, and self-efficacy.
    • Modeling and vicarious learning: As we see others engage in an activity, we compare ourselves with them. If we see ourselves as similar, we are more likely to ...

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