Scientific Management (Public Administration)

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  • A workflow management theory developed by the classical thinker Frederick Winslow Taylor (1865–1915). Taylor, generally considered the “father of scientific management,” pioneered time and motion studies to determine the “one best way” to achieve the fastest, most efficient, and least fatiguing production methods. Workers are conceptualized as interchangeable parts of a large, impersonal production machine. Scientific management received its greatest public sector attention when Frederick Taylor in 1912 presented its core principles to the U.S. House of Representatives. He focused on the duties of management, which include (a) relying on more systematic methods of measuring and managing work elements rather than on rule-of-thumb methods; (b) determining strategies to select, develop, and place workers in their roles in order to achieve optimal production; (c) determining ...

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