Behavior Modification

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  • An intervention method for behavioral change based on behaviorism, especially the principles developed by B. F. Skinner. A basic assumption underlying this approach is that though the link between stimulus and response exists (classical or Pavlovian conditioning), it is the outcome produced by the action that shapes behavior. Therefore, any attempt to change behavior must be done through an empirical analysis of the stimuli and reinforcements (rewards) surrounding the targeted behavior. This analysis is called the “ABC” approach, with observations examining antecedents, behaviors, and consequences. Once a beha vioral baseline is recorded, it is analyzed, patterns are identified, and an intervention plan is created that is aimed at consistent antecedents (stimuli) and/or conse quences in order to increase or decrease the targeted behavior.

    Two main principles ...

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