Regionalism

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  • A political sentiment that favors the autonomy or political preferences of a particular geographical area (region) within a state. The boundaries of a region may be natural, political, economic, or racial/ ethnic in nature. Regionalism can have the potential to lead to revolution and secession. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, regionalism in the republics led to the outbreak of civil wars. For example, in Tadzhikistan, fighting broke out among Communist supporters—the “Rouge Khmers”—in the North and their mostly Sunnite Muslim opponents in the South. Russian Army intervention, on behalf of the North, saved the fledgling country.

    In the United States, prior to the end of the 19th century, regionalism was often referred to as sectionalism. Sectionalism divided the pre-Civil War United States ...

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