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  • A term used in the context of experimental research whereby participants are indiscri minately assigned to either an experimental or a control group. For an experimental design to employ true random assignment, each participant must have an equal chance of being selected for either group. The purpose of randomly assigning participants to groups is to control for variables that may have a confounding effect on the dependent variable(s). Random number tables, or assigning every nth participant to one group or another, are common methods used to randomly assign participants. For more information, see Sidani (2006).


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