Privacy, Right to

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  • A basic right that protects individuals from an invasion of their private and personal lives. Individuals have the freedom to choose to keep information about themselves and those surrounding them private. Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stipulates,

    No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. (http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html)

    In 1974, the U.S. Congress adopted the Privacy Act, which prevented agencies (with some exceptions) from disclosing private information about individuals included in their official records.

    10.4135/9781412972024.n1989

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