Balance of Powers

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  • The achievement of an equal distribution of power between states or sublevels of government within a state. In international relations, a balance of powers prevents a country from becoming more powerful than the others, as a result of weaker countries banding together to form a united front against a power ful sovereign. This is especially marked during times of war when a dominant country has aggressed against a weaker nation; states often join the side of the weaker power in peril. The balance of power concept has been traced back to the classical Greek period. In Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War (431 BCE), he attributed the war to the escalation of power in Athens and the threat it posed to the Spartans.

    The separation of ...

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