Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

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  • An anxiety disorder that can develop after one is exposed to a horrifying event or ordeal in which physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumas can be caused by a range of experiences, such as life-threatening accidents, fires, natural disasters, combat, and so on. It is indentified by symptoms such as recurring anxiety, sleeplessness, nightmares, vivid flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, attentional problems, and social withdrawal. In a study conducted by Ironson et al. (1997) on Miami residents caught in a major hurricane, results revealed that one third exhibited symptoms of PTSD and that the more injury, property damage, and loss they suffered, the more severe their symptoms were. Many forms of psychotherapy have been advocated for trauma-related problems such as PTSD. Basic counseling for PTSD includes ...

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