Poststructuralism

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  • The name attributed to a large, diverse body of French theory that followed structura lism from the 1960s until the end of the 20th century, influenced by the events of World War II, the Algerian War, and May 1968. Poststructural scholars, including Jean Baudrillard, Héléne Cixous, Gilles Deleuze, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Félix Guattari, Luce Irigaray, Julia Kristeva, Jacques Lacan, and Jean-Francois Lyotard, throw into radical doubt humanist notions of language, discourse, power, knowledge, and the subject. Poststruc-turalism does not reject the aforementioned concepts; instead, it analyzes the historical contingency of the concepts and what they make possible and impossible, using methodologies such as Deleuzoguattarian schizoanalysis and rhizoanalysis; Derridean affirmative deconstruction; Foucauldian archaeologies, genealogies, and discourse analysis; Lacanian psychoanalysis; and Lyotardian paralogic legitmation.

    Poststructuralism “troubles” the ...

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