- Entries A-Z
Politics (Political Science)
The exercise or the study of power in a state or social organization. The term is derived from Aristotle (384–322 BCE), who wrote of the polis to refer to a state and system of order. Politics can mean a variety of things in multiple contexts, including strategizing, current affairs, the inner workings of a government, and conflict escalation or resolution. Political science is the study of politics and political systems from a sociological and/or philosophical standpoint. Much discussion of politics revolves around power and its social legitimization. One of the most cited works on political power is The Three Types of Legitimate Rule, by Max Weber (1958), which distinguishes three kinds of legitimization of state power: (1) traditional, where the power structure is authorized by ...