Pleasure Principle

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  • A part of the theory of personality formulated by Sigmund Freud in the 19th century. According to psychoanalysis, it is the id's bound less drive for immediate gratification that motivates it to seek immediate and total gratification of all desires. When a person is deprived of things such as food, air, or sex, a state of tension builds up until this need is satisfied. The id is the pleasure-seeking part that attempts to reduce this tension. The pleasure principle guides one to seek pleasure and avoid pain. However, as one grows and matures, one begins to realize the necessity sometimes to endure pain and to defer gratification because of the obstacles one encounters in real life. For more information, see Freud (1940).

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