Paradigm (Education)

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  • A set of presuppositions, beliefs, and practices shared by a community of researchers. It is a way of thinking held in common by the group, and it has many of the features of a social culture. A research paradigm includes beliefs about philoso phical issues (ontology, epistemology), conceptual systems, research findings, and appropriate methodo logies. Thomas Kuhn brought the idea of research paradigms to the attention of social and natural scientists with his famous book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962). He argued that science usually operates in a period of conformity called normal science. During normal science, researchers work on what he called puzzle solving, meaning specific research problems that are legitimated by the paradigm and that do not challenge the core beliefs ...

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