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  • The moral ideology that seeks to avoid warfare and embrace peace. There are four major types of pacifist ideologies: (1) pragmatic, (2) vocational, (3) humanistic, and (4) structural. Pragmatic pacifists reject acts of war because such acts will only hurt global peace in the long run, no matter what the short-term goals may be. For example, nuclear pacifists, those against the development of nuclear weapons, are considered pragmatic pacifists. Vocational pacifists oppose war based on the teachings of Christianity; this sentiment can also be derived from other faiths. Humanistic pacifists instead believe that on secular, moral grounds the protection of life is of paramount value, and no goal of war should compromise this value. Finally, structural pacifists are focused on transforming global relations in an ...

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