Organizational Humanism

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  • A belief, based on a set of theories, that work holds intrinsic interest for the worker. Also known as the human relations approach, organizational humanism evolved as a reaction to the dehumanized view of organizations resulting from Weber's view of people in bureaucratic organizations, the principles of scientific management, and the Hawthorne experiments. Organizational humanism was based on the Western Electric Company experiments of Elton Mayo in the early 20th century and later popularized by Douglas McGregor's XY theory in 1960.

    Organizational humanists believe that the rational design of organizations leads to highly specialized and routine jobs. According to this view, workers seek satisfaction in their work, want to work rather than avoid it, and can be motivated through positive incentives such as participation in decision ...

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