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The manner in which people communicate attitude, emotion, and intent through body stance and movement, facial expression, and vocal sound. The term also refers to the scientific analysis of body movement and sound.
There are several components within the study of nonverbal communication: (a) kinesics, (b) proxemics, (c) haptics, (d) oculesics, (e) vocalics, and (f) chronemics.
Kinesics, also known as body language, may be the most recognizable term for nonverbal communication. Included are facial and hand gestures, such as smiles and frowns, open palms and clenched fists, the way people relax and tense their bodies, and how they walk or position their heads.
Proxemics refer to interpersonal space factors, such as the physical distances people put between themselves and others, how they orient their bodies, and the physical ...