Multiple Intelligences (Psychology)

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  • Eight independent types of intelligence postulated by Howard Gardner to underlie different forms of intelligent behavior. Early theories of intelligence posited a single underlying dimension, labeled general intelligence, or g, which governed all behavior. These theories were derived from evidence that people who scored highly on one cognitive test tended to score highly on other tests. However, these theories allowed for some domain specificity, arguing that all mental tests also measure specific abilities that are unique to each mental test; thus, a person's performance on any given test was a function of g, their general intelligence, and s, a specific factor. Intelligence tests, such as the Weschler Scales, were developed as a measure of g, the underlying general intelligence factor.

    Subsequent theories of intelligence retained the ...

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