Memory (Psychology)

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  • A mental storage system into which information is encoded and retained over varying periods of time and from which information may be retrieved, with or without conscious effort. Information may be encoded in acoustic (conversion of information into a string of recognizable sounds), visual (conversion of information into a visual image), or semantic (conversion of information into meaningful material or association of information with meaningful material) forms. Once encoded, material may be stored in memory indefinitely until it is retrieved. Although implicit memory describes the effortless retrieval and influence of past experiences, explicit memory describes the retrieval of a memory with conscious effort and may require the assistance of retrieval cues (cues associated with the original encoding that facilitate the retrieval of memory). A common ...

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