Marxism (Political Science)

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  • The political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and his sometime coauthor Friedrich Engels, who saw the economic system as forming the basis of all social and political relationships, including that of the state to each class. Marx, who was born in 1818, was trained as a philosopher in the mid-19th century but turned his focus toward economics and politics. His work has perhaps singularly inspired communist movements around the world.

    Although Marx wrote more than 100 texts, several have been noted as defining his ideological viewpoints. Marx brought his own brand of socialism, known as scientific socialism, to the fore, which he distinguished from the socialism expounded by other socialists, whom he considered utopian idealists. Marx believed that the economic system in which profit is ...

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