Logical Positivism

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  • Occurring in various yet standard forms from the first days of the Vienna Circle in the early 1920s to the beginning of World War II, this concept was characterized by a number of then radical and interrelated principles. Among these doctrines were the verifiability theory of meaning, the rejection of metaphysics, the emotive theory of moral judgments, and the assertion that legitimate philosophy consists solely of logical analysis. The fundamental doctrine was the theory of meaning, which maintained that the cognitive meaning of a sentence is its method of verification. Consequently, if a sentence is not verifiable or is not true by definition, it is cognitively meaningless. This doctrine ruled out much of traditional philosophy, leaving only logic, mathematics, and the sciences as capable of ...

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