Legislative Branch

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  • A representative lawmaking body of government. It may be unicameral or bicameral. It may represent entire populations, particular groups, or regions. And its members may be appointed or elected. The primary duties of the legislative branch are to write, debate, and pass bills into law. Other duties may include monitoring other branches of government, investigating national issues, raising taxes, proposing and adopting budgets, assisting constituents, and serving on committees to handle specific governmental matters, such as budgeting, national security, agriculture, and crime.

    Two common types of legislatures are presidential and parliamentary. In a presidential legislature, the executive and legislature are clearly separate. The executive is neither part of nor appointed by the legislature. In a parliamentary system, such as Britain's, the executive is constitutionally answerable to ...

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