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  • The modification of preexisting behavior and understanding, through experience. The behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches to psychology argue that human behavior, thoughts, attitudes, and beliefs are largely determined by that which an individual has learned, often via rewards and punishments he or she has experienced. Learning can be categorized as nonassociative and associative. Nonassociative forms of learning are those that result from the impact of one particular stimulus and include habituation (the decrease in responses to repeated administrations of an unchanging stimulus over time) and sensitization (the amplification of a response in response to repeated administrations of an unchanging stimulus). Associative forms of learning are those that result from the relationships or associations between events, and they include classical conditioning (the repeated pairing of a neutral ...

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