Learner-Centered Instruction

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  • An approach in which learners take control of their own learning and the teacher plays the role of a facilitator and resource provider. It has empirical support crystallized in the American Psycholo gical Association's Learner-Centered Psychological Principles five global statements of which are as follows:

    • Learning progresses through common stages of development influenced by both inherited and experiential/environmental factors.
    • One's existing knowledge serves as the foundation of all future learning.
    • The ability to reflect on and regulate one's thoughts and behaviors is essential to learning and development.
    • Motivational or affective factors, attributions for learning, and personal goals, along with the motivational characteristics of learning tasks, play a significant role in the learning process.
    • Learning is both an individually constructed enterprise and a socially shared understanding.
    10.4135/9781412972024.n1438

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