Kansas City Patrol Experiment

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  • An experiment was conducted by the Kansas City Police Department in Missouri that changed perceptions about increased police presence and reduced crime rates. This study, which was assessed by a private research organization known as the Police Foundation, was criticized for methodological flaws. It was hypothesized that increased police presence, in marked cars, would decrease criminal activity. Three types of police practices were compared: (1) neighborhoods with one police car that conducted routine patrols, (2) neighborhoods with two or three police cars that conducted routine patrols, and (3) neighborhoods without police patrol cars. After one year (1972–1973), no discernable differences were noticed in crime rates, prevalence of crime reporting, residents' views of the police, and residents' fear of crime. Increased patrol did not decrease crime ...

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