Jurisdiction (Sociology)

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  • Authority executed by a court to obtain the facts about any given case and render a decision. There are two main types of jurisdiction: subject matter jurisdiction and personal jurisdiction. Subject matter jurisdiction is established if the court has the power to hear or make an assessment about the nature of the case at hand. For instance, some types of cases, such as violations of immigration laws, do not fall under the state courts' subject matter jurisdiction and must be presented in federal courts. Personal jurisdiction refers to the court's authority to make decisions regarding a given case. Jurisdiction also refers to the physical area over which an agency or leader has control. For instance, local law enforcement agents only have control over a set ...

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