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An elected or appointed representative whose job it is to ensure that principles of law are adequately implemented in a court of justice. The judge oversees proceedings in a courtroom and is responsible for making decisions about the outcome of legal cases based on current laws. Judges have power over the courtroom and the trial, are influential in advising the jury (in jury trial cases), and determine the appropriate sentence for the defendant when found guilty. Private deliberations between the judge and other individuals involved in the case (i.e., prosecutor, defense attorney, and experts) occur in the judge's chambers. It is also where the judge gets acquainted with the facts surrounding the cases. While the courtroom is public, the judge's chambers remain private.

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