Jim Crow Laws

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  • Laws that were enacted after the American Civil War, mainly in the Southern states, which legalized the segregation between African American and Caucasian groups. In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the separation of facilities for African Americans and Caucasians in Plessy v. Ferguson. As a result, a series of laws that restricted the African American population's rights were enacted. These laws were based on the belief that Caucasians were superior to African Americans in many ways. Jim Crow laws restricted the African American population's access to public services and facilities, such as schools, restaurants, hotels, and public transportation. The laws are said to be named after a popular minstrel song that portrayed African Americans. Violence and practices such as lynching were ...

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